Wednesday afternoon, on the heels of his belated effort to rescue a youth soccer workforce from a Thai cave with a tiny submarine, Elon Musk promised to repair one other seemingly intractable downside. “Please think about this a dedication that I’ll fund fixing the water in any home in Flint that has water contamination above FDA ranges,” Musk wrote in a tweet. “No kidding.”
You’ll be able to nitpick items of this—the EPA, not the FDA, determines what number of elements per billion of lead is secure in ingesting water—or dismiss it as simply one other manifestation of Musk’s itinerant savior complicated. However know that Flint, no less than, welcomes Musk’s assist. Simply possibly not the model that’s on provide.
Which, in equity, continues to evolve. Musk went on to ask residents to tweet their water high quality take a look at outcomes to him—no takers but, it appears—and mentioned he would ship somebody over to put in a water filter. When a reporter prompt that many Flint homes have secure water already, Musk pivoted to organizing “a weekend in Flint to add filters” to the remaining homes that lack them.
‘There are various individuals in Flint, I feel it’s secure to say, who’re by no means going to belief faucet water once more.’
Benjamin Pauli, Kettering College
Flint does need assistance, however filters are one factor it already has loads of; town distributes these and water testing kits, at no cost, at Metropolis Corridor, and can proceed to till Flint’s remaining 14,000 broken lead and galvanized water service pipes have been totally changed. And even then, slapping a filter on a kitchen faucet doesn’t handle the deep-seated issues nonetheless felt by the Flint neighborhood 4 years after its disaster started.
“We had a lot of things damaged as a result of the corrosive water,” says Flint Mayor Karen Weaver, who supplied in a tweet Wednesday to speak via her metropolis’s “specific needs” with Musk. “This is about reestablishing trust, and rebuilding trust. While filters have been helpful, we still need access to bottled water. People need to see all new pipes going in. That’s how you’re going to reestablish trust. And we know that’s what the residents deserve.”
Musk took her up on it, suggesting he’d name on Friday. Weaver says her workplace and Musk’s are nonetheless finding out schedules, however preliminary conversations have been promising.
It’s value spending extra time speaking about these filters, not as a result of they reveal Musk’s lack of familiarity with Flint’s present scenario, however as a result of they underscore town’s deeper challenges.
First, it is essential to notice that Flint’s ingesting water at the moment meets federal requirements for contaminants for no less than a yr. “From every objective measure that is out there, Flint’s water is like any other US city with old lead pipes,” says Siddartha Roy, who works on the Virginia Tech analysis workforce that helped make clear the Flint water disaster and has tracked it ever since. That is nonetheless not supreme, clearly, and makes filters a necessity. However Flint residents stay understandably cautious.
“There are many people in Flint, I think it’s safe to say, who are never going to trust tap water again under any circumstances,” says Benjamin Pauli, a social scientist at Flint’s Kettering College, who has been concerned in clear water activism efforts. “It’s true that the filters solve a lead problem at point of use, but there are lots of other issues with the filters.”
Not all residents know how one can set up and keep them, for one. A March survey of two,000 residents by Flint Information confirmed that 15 % of respondents didn’t have a filter, whereas over a 3rd weren’t assured of their means to vary the filter on the acceptable time.
After which there’s what Roy calls the “big trust gap” that makes Flint activists and residents suspicious of even working filters. That is as a result of they successfully get lead out of the water at a particular faucet, however don’t clear away micro organism. For a metropolis that suffered a lethal spike in Legionnaires’ illness in 2016, which has been linked to corrosive water from the Flint River, that causes comprehensible unease. However Roy notes that the present micro organism present in Flint’s filters has not been proven to be dangerous. And anybody who does have issues can observe a couple of easy steps to attenuate bacterial buildup.
“We do have concerns about filter use, and maintenance, and education around the filters. Everybody is not comfortable with that. Seniors are especially not comfortable with the filters,” says Weaver, who notes that town does have Neighborhood Outreach and Resident Schooling that visits properties to assist remediate any filter points that come up.
Which once more ought to sound acquainted to anybody who learn Musk’s tweets. What he proposes to perform in a barnstorming weekend has been an accessible useful resource for years. Higher, then, to give attention to what Flint actually wants.
Bottle It Up
In April, the state of Michigan stopped offering free bottled water to Flint. For a metropolis that also does not belief its faucets, the influence cannot be overstated.
“The bottled water is necessary as a short-term intervention for a long-term, structural water system problem,” says Pastor Monica Villarreal, who has helped manage community-based efforts to offer clear water assets in Flint. “The water crisis is going to affect this city from generation to generation. And when you look at it from that perspective, two, three, maybe even four years of bottled water is not much.”
Neighborhood assist stations that had been as soon as open day by day to distribute bottled water now function simply 3 times every week. And within the absence of state help, Flint more and more has to depend on personal donors; Weaver says the Detroit Police Division lately introduced in a contemporary provide.
So if Elon Musk—or anybody else—desires to assist Flint, begin with bottled water, which residents will proceed to rely on till each final lead and galvanized line will get changed. “Bottled water is really the life and death issue,” Villarreal says.
‘That was one of many fears of the residents, that focus would go away, and we’ve got not been made entire.’
Flint Mayor Karen Weaver
And if you wish to assume greater, loads of choices stay. “One issue that residents have been raising from very early on is that corrosive water from the river didn’t just damage service lines and water mains, it also damaged the plumbing within people’s homes,” says Kettering’s Pauli. “And not just pipes but fixtures, and also appliances that use water. That would include washing machines, and dishwashers, and hot water heaters.”
Scale it up once more, to billionaire proportions. “We want to look at the bigger infrastructure issues in the city as well,” says Weaver. “It’s about reestablishing trust. You have to be confident in the water again.” One option to accomplish that? Get extra contractors on the bottom changing service strains; get a three-year substitute plan completed by the top of 2018. After which, Weaver says, have a look at funding in the neighborhood. As a substitute of—or along with—giving individuals water, how will you assist get them again to work?
These are the forms of questions Elon Musk can count on on his name with the mayor. However it doesn’t matter what comes of it, even expressing curiosity within the first place has achieved one thing invaluable: Reminding people who Flint nonetheless exists, and nonetheless wants assist.
“We’re glad to have the attention. That was one of the fears of the residents, that attention would go away, and we have not been made whole,” says Weaver. “We want everybody watching, because what happened to Flint should never happen to any place again.”